Course of Raku / Essentials / Built-in functions for printing / Exercises / Compare say and put

Solution: Compare say and put


Here is one of the possible solutions:

my Int $i = 42;
say $i;
put $i;

my Rat $r = 3/4;
say $r;
put $r;

my Num $n = 3e4;
say $n;
put $n;

my Str $s = 'Raku';
say $s;
put $s;

my @a = <this is an array>;
# say @a.WHAT;
say @a;
put @a;

my List $l = <this is a list>;
# say $l.WHAT;
say $l;
put $l;

my %h = A => 'alpha', B => 'beta';
say %h;
put %h;

For better confidence, you can also print the type of the variable, e.g., as shown for arrays and lists, to make sure you have created a variable of the desired type.

🦋 Find the program in the file compare-say-and-put.raku.


The output of the program shown above is shown below.

$ raku exercises/built-in-functions-for-printing/compare-say-and-put.raku
[this is an array]
this is an array
(this is a list)
this is a list
{A => alpha, B => beta}
A	alpha
B	beta


By examining the output of the program, you can clearly see that there is no difference when printing simple data types such as numbers and strings. For aggregate data types, say produces a bit more ’noisy’ output comparing to put. On the other side, for hashes, put prints it as a table compared to a single line of say.

The difference between the output format is determined by how the Str and gist methods are implemented for the type in hand. We will talk more about this later in the course.

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💪 Print the warning

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